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2018 07 18 领导者 V.S. 管理者

398 字


Leadership is doing the right things; management is doing things right. - Peter Drucker


领导者 管理者
定义 Leadership means “the ability of an individual to influence, motivate, and enable others to contribute toward the effectiveness and success of the organizations of which they are members.” Management comprises directing and controlling a group of one or more people or entities for the purpose of coordinating and harmonizing that group towards accomplishing a goal.
个性风格 Are often called brilliant and mercurial, with great charisma. Yet, they are also often seen as loners and private people. They are comfortable taking risks, sometimes seemingly wild and crazy risks. Almost all leaders have high levels of imagination Tend to be rational, under control problem solvers. They often focus on goals, structures, personnel, and availability of resources. Managers’ personalities lean toward persistence, strong will, analysis, and intelligence.
取向 People-oriented Task-oriented
聚焦 Leading people Managing work
产出 Achievements Results
对待任务 Simply look at problems and devise new, creative solutions. Using their charisma and commitment, they excite, motivate, and focus others to solve problems and excel. Create strategies, policies, and methods to create teams and ideas that combine to operate smoothly. They empower people by soliciting their views, values, and principles. They believe that this combination reduces inherent risk and generates success
对待风险 Risk-taking Risk-averse
Role in decision-making Facilitative Involved
Styles Transformational, Consultative & Participative Dictatorial, Authoritative, Transactional, Autocratic, Consultative and Democratic
Power through Charisma & Influence Formal authority & Position
Organization Leaders have followers Manager have subordinates
Appeal to Heart Head


Meaning Leadership is a skill of leading others by examples. Management is an art of systematically organizing and coordinating things in an efficient way.
Basis Trust Control
Emphasis on Inspiring People Managing activities
Power Influence Rule
Focus on Encouraging change Bringing stability
Strategy Proactive Reactive
Formulation of Principles and guidelines Policies and Procedures
Perspective Leadership requires good foresightedness. Management has a short range perspective.